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Mar 15, 2024

Report tracks Canada's evolving supply chain and its effects

Statistics Canada has released its Research to Insights: Tracking Canada's Evolving Supply Chain Links and their Effects report, an overview of Canada’s integration into global supply chains, the steps Statistics Canada is taking to fill knowledge gaps, and some of the questions that remain.

In recent decades, supply chains have been extended across international borders and over greater distances. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, globalization and participation in global supply chains were often associated with economic benefits. However, the pandemic and its aftermath have highlighted the risks associated with global supply chains, such as acute shortages of essential goods, disruptions to domestic production of goods, and higher inflation.

While Canadian firms' reliance on global supply chains is increasing, so too are the risks of global trade. From 2002 to 2022, Canada's imports shifted away from the US, whose import share declined from 62 percent to 49 percent. China's import share rose from five percent to 14 percent over the same period.

Statistics Canada and its federal partners are devoting efforts to improve supply chain measurement. These range from improvements to the measurement of both domestic trade flows and the Canada-US supply chain and its integration with major trading partners.

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